Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world and has the second largest population in Africa. Poverty means the health system is weak, which means:
- The average life expectancy is just 59
- Out of every 40 women that go in to labour, one dies
- Over a third of children are malnourished
- 90% of Ethiopians have poor health, a low level of education, and inadequate living conditions
- Only 200 doctors are trained per year to serve a country with a population of over 80 million
Ethiopia has suffered periodic droughts and famines, a long civil conflict in the 20th century, and a border war with Eritrea. This brought millions to the brink of starvation in the 1970s and 1980s. Health Poverty Action is working to strengthen marginalised pastoralist communities in Ethiopia in their struggle for health.